Apparently, there is a huge fiber optic project connecting Oman in persian gulf to Iran, Azarbaijan, Russia, Ukraine, East Europe to Germany. This is a great development, as land based fibers are more stable, and this line will be 3000 KM shorter than the sea cables, bringing down the latencies, etc.

Text below is from the project website: ( http://www.epegcable.com )

On June 8th 2011 a consortium of four leading telecom carriers from four countries signed the Construction and Maintenance Agreement for the new cable system — Europe-Persia Express Gateway (EPEG).

The EPEG will be a brand new high capacity fiber optic cable system which links Europe with Middle East and a possibility of further extension to Gulf regional countries and India subcontinent.

The system will pass from Frankfurt across Eastern Europe, Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Persian Gulf to Barka, Sultanate of Oman. EPEG members Cable & Wireless, Rostelecom, Omantel, and TIC will build and develop part of the network which operates through their own country. The route via Azerbaijan will be organized on the basis of the capacity of the EPEG associated partner — Delta Telecom. The design capacity of the new EPEG system will be up to 3.2 Tbps with total length approx. 10,000 km, about 9,500 km is a terrestrial fibre cable. The system will be put in operation in May, 2012 with an initial capacity of 540 (54×10) Gbps.

EPEG will allow telecommunication transit route alternative to the Red Sea, Suez Canal, Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea regions and can play an important role for traffic re-routing in case of earthquakes and disasters, which have been known to affect multiple systems at once.

یک پروژه ی عظیم فیبر نوری به نام یوروپ – پرشیا در دست اجرا است که سلطان نشین عمان در خلیج فارس را از طریف ایران، به آذربایجان، روسیه، اکراین، اروپای شرقی و سپس فرانکفورت در آلمان متصل خواهد کرد. این، خبر بسیار خوبی برای استفاده کنندگان اینترنت در کشور های خلیج فارس و همچنین ایران است که قطعا با اتمام این طرح بسیار بزرگ و کارآمد با سرعت نهایی سه هزار و دویست گیگابیت در ثانیه، به سرعت های بهتر و قیمتهای کمتر دست پیدا کنند. مشخصات بیشتر راجع به این پروژه را میتوانید در وبسایت پروژه مطالعه فرمایید: ( http://www.epegcable.com )